Katana is the Japanese word for "long sword". The katana was just wielded through the notorious sword masters, the Samurai.
The katana is really a long sword, with a slight curve, single edged, and also have an incredibly sharp point. The very first katanas were actually a straight edged blade, and single edged. Japan later altered the sword style to a curved blade, to allow them to draw the katana faster.
Samurai's were not only masters of the blade, but they were masters at forging it.
The way the Katana was made
Before the katana being forged, the sword smith would fast and execute a ritual cleansing. It was designed to cleanse the Samurai's spirit, to assistance with forging the sword.
To forge the unmatched katanas, that were highly superior for his or her time period, the Japanese sword smiths had to solve an issue. Japan could make strong, sturdy swords. However, it would result in them being very brittle. They aimed to change this by folding the steel repeatedly. This made the katana blade very durable. Following the blade was sharpened, the katana was durable enough to face up to being dulled over time, and the folded steel prevented the katanas from breaking.
The katana needed to undergo testing, to determine the excellence of the katana. First, the Japanese would bend the katana, to test its elasticity. When the blade of the katana returned to its original form, it was considered a high quality katana. When the blade from the katana would bend permanently, or break, they katana would be destroyed, along with a brand new one would take its place.
Katana Sword Care
The blade from the katana is extremely sharp, and may cause injury. Please be sure to use extreme caution when following these next steps!
1. The katana should fit perfectly in to the sheath. This is sometimes a tight fit, to avoid accidental unsheathing. To get rid of the katana in the sheath, hold the sheath firmly and something hand, with your thumb push the guard away from the sheath.
2. Now that your katana is unsheathed, you need to begin cleaning! You would require a cotton cloth, sword oil, rice paper, along with a powder ball.
3. Wipe the blade down with rice paper, if the katana was once cleaned with oil.
4. Dust the blade using the powder ball, very lightly.
5. Use the cotton cloth to rub the powder within the blade. Repeat this process on sides until each side of the blade happen to be polished.
6. Use two or three drops of sword oil on sides of the blade. Do not touch the blade, just before sheathing the blade.
7. Sheath the blade.
Avoid any heavy oil, as it has a tendency to collect inside the sheath.
Added by Andrea & Fleming on Fri, Jun 29th 2012